Unveiling the Power of Jetpack Compose: Creating RecyclerView in Android

we'll explore the capabilities of Jetpack Compose and guide you through the steps to create a RecyclerView



12/9/20232 min read

person using phone
person using phone


Android app development has seen a significant transformation with the introduction of Jetpack Compose, a modern UI toolkit designed to simplify and accelerate the process of building native Android applications. In this blog post, we'll explore the capabilities of Jetpack Compose and guide you through the steps to create a RecyclerView, a fundamental component for displaying lists, with this revolutionary toolkit.

Understanding Jetpack Compose:

Before diving into RecyclerView, let's briefly understand Jetpack Compose. It is a declarative UI framework that allows developers to define the UI using Kotlin programming language. Compose simplifies UI development by replacing the traditional XML-based layout system with a more concise and expressive syntax, making it easier to build dynamic and responsive user interfaces.

Setting Up Your Project:

To begin using Jetpack Compose and implementing RecyclerView, you need to set up your Android project. Ensure you have the necessary dependencies in your build.gradle file:

android {
... buildFeatures {
compose true
composeOptions {
kotlinCompilerExtensionVersion '1.0.5'
kotlinCompilerVersion '1.5.10'

dependencies {
implementation "androidx.activity:activity-compose:1.3.1"
implementation "androidx.compose.foundation:foundation:1.0.5"
implementation "androidx.compose.material:material:1.0.5"
implementation "androidx.compose.ui:ui:1.0.5"
implementation "androidx.compose.ui:ui-tooling:1.0.5"

Creating a Simple RecyclerView with Jetpack Compose:

Now, let's create a simple RecyclerView using Jetpack Compose.

  1. Define Data Model:

    data class Item(val id: Int, val name: String)

  2. Create Composable Function for RecyclerView:

    fun ItemList(items: List<Item>) {
    LazyColumn {
    items(items) { item ->
    Text(text = item.name, modifier = Modifier.padding(

  3. Using the RecyclerView in Your Activity or Fragment:

    class MainActivity : ComponentActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    setContent {
    val itemList = listOf( Item(1, "Item 1"), Item(2, "Item 2"),// Add more items as needed ) ItemList(items = itemList)

Key Concepts:

  • LazyColumn:

    • Jetpack Compose uses LazyColumn to efficiently handle the display of large lists. It only composes and lays out the items that are currently visible on the screen.

  • @Composable:

    • The @Composable annotation is used to define composable functions. These functions describe the UI components and their behavior in a declarative manner.

  • Modifier:

    • The Modifier class is used to apply various modifications to a Compose UI element. In the example, we used Modifier.padding to add spacing around the Text components.


Jetpack Compose revolutionizes Android app development by providing a concise and intuitive way to create UIs. Creating a RecyclerView with Jetpack Compose is just one example of how this toolkit streamlines the development process. As you delve deeper into Jetpack Compose, you'll discover its vast capabilities for building dynamic and engaging user interfaces in a more declarative and efficient manner. Embrace the power of Jetpack Compose and elevate your Android app development experience to new heights.